Companion Guidelines on Replication & Reproducibility in Education Research
A Supplement to the Common Guidelines for Education Research and Development
The Institute of Education Sciences (IES) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) jointly issued the Common Guidelines for Education Research and Development in 2013 to describe “shared understandings of the roles of various types of ‘genres’ of research in generating evidence about strategies and interventions for increasing student learning” (IES and NSF, 2013: 7). In the intervening period, the education research community and federal policymakers have been increasingly attentive to the role of, and factors that promote and inhibit, replication and reproducibility of research.
In order to build a coherent body of work to inform evidence-based decision making, there is a need to increase the visibility and value of reproducibility and replication studies among education research stakeholders. The purpose of this companion to the Common Guidelines is to highlight the importance of these studies and provide crossagency guidance on the steps investigators are encouraged to take to promote corroboration, ensure the integrity of education research, and extend the evidence base. The companion begins with a brief overview of the central role of replication in the advancement of science, including definitions of key terminology for the purpose of establishing a common understanding of the concepts. The companion also addresses the challenges and implications of planning and conducting reproducibility and replication studies within education.