Youth Motivation and Interests in STEM

Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI)

The Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI) is a multidimensional measurement device intended to assess participants' subjective experience related to a target activity in laboratory experiments. It has been used in several experiments related to intrinsic motivation and self-regulation (e.g., Ryan, 1982; Ryan, Mims & Koestner, 1983; Plant & Ryan, 1985; Ryan, Connell, & Plant, 1990; Ryan, Koestner & Deci, 1991; Deci, Eghrari, Patrick, & Leone, 1994).


Perceived Competence Scale (PCS)

The Perceived Competence Scale (PCS) is a short, 4-item questionnaire, and it assesses participants' feelings of competence about, say, taking a particular college course, engaging in a healthier behavior, participating in a physical activity regularly, or following through on some commitment.  Because the PCS pertains to particular behaviors or behavioral domains, it can be easily adapted to study additional behaviors or behavioral domains.




Modified Attitude Towards Science Inventory (mATSI)

The Modified Attitudes towards Science Inventory (mATSI) measures students' attitudes towards science related to such factors as students' perceptions of the science teacher, anxiety toward science, value of science in society, self-concept toward science and desire to do science.  This 25-item inventory uses a 5-point Likert scale.

The linked website contains the mATSI as well as information and reviews about it.  


Pre-College Annual Self-Efficacy Survey

LAESE uses a number of Likert scale items to identify longitudinal changes in the self-efficacy of undergraduate students studying engineering. LAESE can be used with any students studying engineering. A high school instrument, based on LAESE, was developed and tested by the Female Recruits Explore Engineering (FREE) Project.

The link provides access to the LAESE, information about the LAESE, and reviews on this instrument.


Attitude toward Science School Assessment (ATSSA)

The Attitude toward Science School Assessment (ATSSA) is used to measure evaluate the relationship between attitude toward science and achievement in science. The instrument went through validation studies that resulted in reduction in the number of items in the instrument. 

The link provided is to a study that both describes the development and validation of the ATSSA as well as the ATSSA itself.


Children's Science Curiosity Scale (CSCS)

The Children's Science Curiosity Scale (CSCS) measures elementary school children's attitudes towards science in a learning context.  Originally used with 5th grade students, it is comprised of 30 items, each using a 5-point Likert scale.  Validity and reliability studies have been done on this scale.  

The link provides a description of this scale, reviews of this scale, and the instrument itself.


Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA)

The Test of Science Related Attitudes (TOSRA) assesses science-related attitudes along seven dimensions: social implications of science, normality of scientists, attitude toward scientific inquiry, adoption of scientific attitudes, enjoyment of science lessons, leisure interest in science, and career interest in science. The TOSRA includes 70 items, each measured on a 5-point Likert scale; these items comprise 7 subscales with 10 items each.


21st Century Skills Assessment's 21st Century Skills Assessment provides deeper insight into students' grasp of critical 21st century skills.  The 21st Century Skills Assessment uses a psychometrically validated blend of interactive, performance-based questions that allow students to authentically perform complex tasks in simulated applications, and multiple choice, knowledge-based questions.


Students Leaving Engineering Survey

The Students Leaving Engineering Survey is designed to be used in conjunction with the 'Students Persisting in Engineering' measures.  Together, these measure both male and female students' reasons for transferring out (or planning to transfer out) of engineering programs.


Academic Self-Perception

This five question survey uses a 7-point Likert scale and was designed to measure concepts related to youths' feelings about school. Derived from the School Attitudes Assessment Survey (McCoach, 2002), the academic self-perception subscale measures the extent to which children have a positive self-perception about their academic abilities. It is based upon research findings that show that children who have a more positive self-perception exhibit greater academic achievement.