Jon Atwood

Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' Response-Shift Bias: Self-Efficacy and Attitudes Toward Science

Response-shift bias occurs when participants' initial constructs, such as self-efficacy in teaching science, are incomplete because they do not fully conceptualize something they have yet to experience. This study examines whether elementary pre-service teachers can consistently evaluate constructs such as self-efficacy and attitudes toward science throughout an elementary methods course.