Culturally Responsive Teaching Outcome Expectancy (CRTOE) Scale

Culturally Responsive Teaching Outcome Expectancy (CRTOE) Scale


The Culturally Responsive Teaching Outcome Expectancy (CRTOE) Scale was developed and administered to a sample of preservice teachers in the Midwest. It was designed to elicit information from preservice teachers regarding culturally responsive instructional practices and student outcomes. The Likert-type scale consists of 26 items in which participants are asked to rate their beliefs that a given behavior will have a positive outcome (e.g., “providing English Language Learners with visual aids will enhance their understanding of assignments” and “helping students from diverse cultural backgrounds succeed in school will increase their confidence in their academic ability” ) by indicating their level of certainty ranging from 0 (entirely uncertain) to 100 (entirely certain).

The link below provides information about the instrument.

Authors provide instrument validity and/or reliability information. 



STELAR is not the author of these materials and cannot provide information on validity or permission for use. Permissions must be requested through the publisher or authors listed below.




File Attachments: 

Feedback on this instrument from projects that have used it

July 13, 2015 - 7:49pm

Q:  In what context did you use this instrument (setting, population, project name)?

Response: Teachers completed survey on pre-post basis to help the project team ascertain their knowledge and use of cultural pedagogy.

Q: Did you run into any limitations with this instrument? (Y/N)  If yes, please explain.

Response: No.

Q: Did this provide you with relevant information to address your research questions? (Y/N)  If yes, what question did this answer?

Response: Yes. Teachers had a strong sense of self-efficacy.

Project Name: 

Visualization Basics: Using Gaming to Improve Computational Thinking (UGame-ICompute)