Youth Motivation and Interests in STEM

Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ-II)

The Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ-II) contains 25 items regarding students' motivation to learn science in college courses. Students respond on a 5-point rating scale of temporal frequency ranging from (0) never to (4) always. The SMQ-II contains five montivation components: intrinsic motivation, self-determination, self-efficacy, career motivation, and grade motivation. Each component is measured with 5 separate items.


Attitudes Toward Science Inventory (ATSI)

The Attitudes Toward Science Inventory (ATSI) is a quantitative instrument used to determine (a) how attitudes toward science of nonscience college students compare with attitudes of science majors, and (b) whether attitudes toward science change with instruction.  

The link provided is to a study that validates the ATSI as part of a larger study measureing attitudes toward science.


STEM Career Interest Questionnaire

The STEM Career Interest Questionnaire is a 12-item survey using a Likert scale.  Items comprise three scales, measuring perception of supportive environment for pursuing a career in science, interest in pursuing educational opportunities that would lead to a career in science, and perceived importance of a career in science.

The links and attached documents provide the instrument as well as documentation for the instrument.

Authors provide instrument validity and/or reliability information.


Sense of Belonging Scale

The Sense of Belonging Scale is a measure of belonging first developed for use in an after-school youth development program.  This 5-item scale uses a 5-point Likert scale for each item.  Belonging scores were positively related to actual program attendance over a 6-month period, self-reported attendance in the last week, and protective factors found in communities. Belonging scores were moderately and negatively related to community-based risk factors.


Self-Efficacy in Technology and Science (SETS)

The Self-Efficacy in Technology and Science (SETS) is a specific measure of self-efficacy in science inquiry and technology for middle school students. The SETS consists of six independent sections on self-efficacy in science inquiry and technology (science inquiry, using the Internet to find information, general computer usage, synchronous chat use, videogaming and computer gaming). 


Place-Based Education and Geographic Information Systems: Enhancing the Spatial Awareness of Middle School Students in Maine

Spatial literacy is a new frontier in K-12 education. This article describes a place-based introductory GIS/GPS middle school curriculum unit in which students used measuring tools, GPS units, and My World GIS software to collect physical and spatial data of trees to create a schoolyard tree inventory. Maine students completed "memory maps" of their schoolyards as a pre/post exercise assessment. A statistically significant increase in students' spatial awareness was documented.